Mombetsu Form Guide

Wednesday, 11th September 2019

Track Map

Track Details for MOMBETSU

  Straight: 
330m
  Circumference: 
1600m
  Direction: 
Clockwise

Track/Weather

Trainer
W
W%
P
P%
S
JPY ¥
W
W%
P
P%
S
JPY ¥
 DAISUKE AKITA  1  2%  5  10%  50 6.3K  9  6%  26  17%  153 63.4K
 H HIROMORI  2  4%  12  24%  50 68.8K  34  10%  82  23%  350 448.8K
 HIDEAKI SATO  0  0%  4  8%  50 6.1K  2  1%  35  10%  350 46.1K
 HIDEKI KAKUGAWA  11  22%  18  36%  50 151.3K  74  21%  162  46%  350 1200.7K
 HIDETOMO NUMAZAWA  1  2%  14  28%  50 25.5K  5  3%  35  19%  180 86.9K
 HIROAKI SAKURAI  4  8%  12  24%  50 22.6K  7  6%  20  18%  111 41.2K
 HIROTO KAWASHIMA  6  12%  13  26%  50 58.9K  35  10%  115  33%  350 413.7K
 HIROYUKI OGUNI  5  10%  14  28%  50 70.1K  21  6%  78  22%  350 252.3K
 JUNJI TANAKA  9  18%  20  40%  50 109.6K  69  20%  171  49%  350 1163K
 KAZUHIRO HAYASHI  9  18%  17  34%  50 73.1K  52  15%  130  37%  350 1278.7K
 KAZUHISA YAMADA  0  0%  1  2%  50 4.3K  17  5%  71  20%  350 126.5K
 KAZUNORI TABE  5  10%  14  28%  50 34.4K  13  4%  79  23%  350 509.6K
 KUNIAKI SASAKI  6  12%  20  40%  50 102.3K  31  14%  77  35%  222 377.2K
 KUNIO HIMORI  3  6%  14  28%  50 217.9K  35  10%  109  31%  350 645.7K
 MASAHIRO SAITO  4  8%  11  22%  50 36.8K  26  7%  93  27%  350 327.2K
 MASAKAZU MURAKAMI  5  10%  17  34%  50 69.2K  24  7%  87  25%  350 291.6K
 MASATAKA SAKUMA  4  8%  13  26%  50 51.7K  34  10%  106  30%  350 331.5K
 MASATO KAWASHIMA  2  4%  13  26%  50 25.5K  42  12%  102  29%  350 369.2K
 NOBORU YONEKAWA  13  26%  27  54%  50 133.6K  44  13%  136  39%  350 592K
 NOZOMI ONO  9  18%  22  44%  50 73.8K  36  10%  110  31%  350 402.1K
 RYUICHI YAMAGUCHI  5  10%  15  30%  50 46.4K  33  9%  125  36%  350 424.3K
 SEIJI YAMANAKA  2  4%  11  22%  50 19.8K  26  7%  68  19%  350 249.3K
 SHINYA YONEKAWA  5  10%  9  18%  50 40.7K  19  5%  69  20%  350 164.9K
 SHOJI TANAKA  6  12%  20  40%  50 66.1K  49  14%  145  41%  350 548.3K
 TAIRA WAKAMATSU  6  12%  15  30%  50 91.6K  24  7%  102  29%  350 377.8K
 TAKAHIRO ISHIMOTO  0  0%  5  10%  50 8K  12  3%  44  13%  350 118.7K
 TAKAHIRO MATSUMOTO  8  16%  17  34%  50 83.7K  38  11%  133  38%  350 568.8K
 TAKEHIRO YASUDA  3  6%  15  30%  50 1552.4K  44  13%  125  36%  350 7079.3K
 TAMAKAZU OKAJIMA  2  4%  9  18%  50 25.2K  27  8%  97  28%  350 218.6K
 TOMOKI KUROKAWA  1  2%  17  34%  50 22.5K  20  6%  98  28%  350 194K
 TSUNENOBU TANIGUCHI  1  2%  8  16%  50 12.8K  4  1%  35  10%  350 60.6K
 TSUYOSHI CHIBA  0  0%  13  26%  50 15.6K  32  9%  106  30%  350 225.4K
 YOSHIMI YANAGIZAWA  2  4%  4  8%  50 11.7K  11  3%  65  19%  350 108.1K
 YOSHINORI DOYAMA  8  16%  19  38%  50 134.8K  52  15%  124  35%  350 893.5K
 YUTAKA ETAYA  2  4%  12  24%  50 29.7K  30  9%  105  30%  350 271.4K
No dual acceptances found for this meeting.
Race
Scratchings
Race
Tab
Horse
Date
Course
Class
Date
Rail Information
SOT
Races
Runners
 10 Sep 2019    

R1 - R12 FAST

 12  107
 05 Sep 2019    

R1 - R12 FAST

 12  115
 04 Sep 2019    

R1 - R12 FAST

 12  114
 03 Sep 2019    

R1 - R12 FAST

 12  127
 29 Aug 2019    

R1 - R12 SLOPPY

 12  131
 28 Aug 2019    

R1 - R9 GOOD

|

R10 - R12 SLOPPY

 12  121
 27 Aug 2019    

R1 - R12 GOOD

 12  113
 22 Aug 2019    

R1 - R12 GOOD

 12  106
 21 Aug 2019    

R1 - R2 GOOD

|

R3 - R12 FAST

 12  124
 20 Aug 2019    

R1 - R12 GOOD

 12  123
 15 Aug 2019    

R1 - R12 GOOD

 12  132
 14 Aug 2019    

R1 - R12 GOOD

 12  124
Sire
L50
L350
W
W%
P
P%
S
$PM
W
W%
P
P%
S
$PM
 ADMIRE MOON (JPN) 4 8% 16 32% 50 $112,677 29 8% 87 25% 50 $1,692,187
 AGNES DIGITAL (USA) 8 16% 19 38% 50 $328,377 38 11% 103 29% 50 $1,881,895
 AMMIRARE (JPN) 2 4% 16 32% 50 $77,261 10 3% 71 20% 50 $349,296
 ASAKUSA KINGS (JPN) 6 12% 13 26% 50 $181,803 30 9% 92 26% 50 $1,686,344
 B B GULDAN (JPN) 6 12% 11 22% 50 $88,433 35 10% 104 30% 50 $548,477
 BAGO (FR) 3 6% 13 26% 50 $45,187 36 10% 106 30% 50 $1,858,546
 BATTLE PLAN (USA) 4 8% 13 26% 50 $219,483 48 14% 125 36% 50 $2,207,297
 BEHKABAD (FR) 4 8% 11 22% 50 $294,156 35 10% 86 25% 50 $1,238,306
 BLACK TIDE (JPN) 3 6% 15 30% 50 $282,050 29 8% 90 26% 50 $1,817,216
 BLACK TUXEDO (JPN) 1 2% 11 22% 50 $34,920 17 5% 76 22% 50 $551,475
 CAPE BLANCO (IRE) 6 12% 17 34% 50 $136,897 34 10% 105 30% 50 $1,534,983
 CIVIL WAR (JPN) 2 4% 6 12% 50 $111,484 21 6% 54 15% 50 $847,494
 CRYSTWINING (JPN) 0 0% 1 14% 7 $834 0 0% 1 14% 7 $834
 CURREN BLACK HILL (JPN) 6 12% 16 32% 50 $442,912 8 14% 18 32% 50 $492,025
 DAIWA MAJOR (JPN) 4 8% 10 20% 50 $559,560 34 10% 80 23% 50 $3,255,398
 DANCE IN THE DARK (JPN) 2 4% 14 28% 50 $59,640 16 5% 84 24% 50 $535,462
 DEEP BRILLANTE (JPN) 4 8% 13 26% 50 $295,513 29 8% 99 28% 50 $1,857,681
 DEEP SKY (JPN) 4 8% 17 34% 50 $186,736 29 8% 100 29% 50 $1,037,898
 EARNESTLY (JPN) 2 4% 12 24% 50 $115,037 27 8% 94 27% 50 $1,055,320
 EISHIN APOLLON (USA) 1 2% 8 16% 50 $101,697 29 8% 86 25% 50 $446,166
 EISHIN FLASH (JPN) 3 6% 11 22% 50 $35,914 30 9% 96 27% 50 $1,452,361
 EMPIRE MAKER (USA) 2 4% 19 38% 50 $280,823 40 11% 139 40% 50 $2,451,113
 ESPOIR CITY (JPN) 9 18% 20 40% 50 $430,897 48 14% 120 34% 50 $2,311,211
 FASLIYEV (USA) 4 8% 17 34% 50 $118,946 39 11% 108 31% 50 $1,794,568
 FENOMENO (JPN) 3 6% 16 32% 50 $330,848 6 7% 27 30% 50 $486,278
 FOURTY NINERS SON (USA) 4 8% 8 16% 50 $23,578 22 6% 61 17% 50 $422,008
 FRENCH DEPUTY (USA) 8 16% 16 32% 50 $551,731 35 10% 101 29% 50 $1,602,861
 FURIOSO (JPN) 9 18% 20 40% 50 $570,394 42 12% 116 33% 50 $1,466,661
 GOSHAWK KEN (USA) 1 2% 5 10% 50 $287,254 26 10% 62 23% 50 $3,667,520
 GRAND CHEVALIER (JPN) 1 7% 4 29% 14 $17,397 1 7% 4 29% 14 $17,397
 HARBINGER (GB) 2 4% 8 16% 50 $334,862 20 6% 67 19% 50 $4,058,038
 HEART'S CRY (JPN) 9 18% 20 40% 50 $873,860 43 12% 112 32% 50 $5,496,243
 HIRUNO D'AMOUR (JPN) 3 6% 10 20% 50 $44,401 21 6% 77 22% 50 $330,758
 I'LL HAVE ANOTHER (USA) 4 8% 16 32% 50 $153,041 35 10% 109 31% 50 $2,264,712
 JUNGLE POCKET (JPN) 0 0% 7 14% 50 $38,287 23 7% 87 25% 50 $1,669,842
 KANE HEKILI (JPN) 7 14% 18 36% 50 $524,079 44 13% 98 28% 50 $2,347,664
 KING HALO (JPN) 5 10% 17 34% 50 $115,950 32 9% 103 29% 50 $1,559,710
 KING KAMEHAMEHA (JPN) 6 12% 14 28% 50 $1,420,455 44 13% 116 33% 50 $5,496,633
 KURA GUO (JPN) 1 11% 1 11% 9 $6,617 1 11% 1 11% 9 $6,617
 KUROFUNE (USA) 2 4% 17 34% 50 $155,660 25 7% 104 30% 50 $1,623,402
 LAUREL GUERREIRO (JPN) 4 8% 15 30% 50 $68,996 21 6% 94 27% 50 $746,344
 LOGI UNIVERSE (JPN) 6 12% 18 36% 50 $361,185 44 13% 127 36% 50 $2,314,396
 LOHENGRIN (JPN) 3 6% 8 16% 50 $326,733 25 7% 89 25% 50 $1,622,660
 LOOSE LIMBED (JPN) 3 6% 9 18% 50 $74,863 20 6% 77 22% 50 $727,393
 LORD KANALOA (JPN) 8 16% 24 48% 50 $1,709,449 59 17% 141 40% 50 $6,768,026
 LORD ULTIMA (USA) 5 10% 11 22% 50 $339,712 39 11% 106 30% 50 $1,875,633
 MAJIN PROSPER (JPN) 1 9% 2 18% 11 $15,641 1 9% 2 18% 11 $15,641
 MARUKA SHENCK (JPN) 5 10% 11 22% 50 $52,859 32 9% 80 23% 50 $479,687
 MATSURIDA GOGH (JPN) 2 4% 14 28% 50 $203,969 25 7% 88 25% 50 $1,467,608
 MAYANO TOP GUN (JPN) 6 12% 15 30% 50 $144,646 27 8% 98 28% 50 $743,608
 MEISHO BOWLER (JPN) 5 10% 16 32% 50 $359,210 29 8% 94 27% 50 $1,195,915
 MEISHO SAMSON (JPN) 5 10% 14 28% 50 $346,309 21 6% 86 25% 50 $923,728
 NAKAYAMA FESTA (JPN) 4 8% 19 38% 50 $117,806 30 9% 88 25% 50 $732,641
 NATIVE HEART (JPN) 2 4% 9 18% 50 $34,271 11 6% 31 18% 50 $244,443
 NOBO JACK (USA) 7 14% 12 24% 50 $63,320 42 12% 99 28% 50 $1,436,194
 OKEN BRUCE LEE (JPN) 5 10% 12 24% 50 $161,035 22 6% 75 21% 50 $618,994
 OREWA MATTERUZE (JPN) 1 2% 7 14% 50 $135,661 16 5% 63 18% 50 $854,148
 PAS DE TROIS (JPN) 3 6% 17 34% 50 $294,759 34 10% 90 26% 50 $976,913
 PERSONAL RUSH (USA) 6 12% 16 32% 50 $83,280 25 7% 91 26% 50 $481,885
 PRECISE END (USA) 5 10% 17 34% 50 $150,137 33 9% 112 32% 50 $1,237,745
 PYRO (USA) 5 10% 18 36% 50 $232,611 39 11% 99 28% 50 $1,605,888
 ROSES IN MAY (USA) 5 10% 12 24% 50 $103,127 37 11% 100 29% 50 $1,503,173
 SAKURA ZEUS (JPN) 6 12% 19 38% 50 $56,099 39 11% 107 31% 50 $398,257
 SCREEN HERO (JPN) 6 12% 16 32% 50 $669,847 40 11% 106 30% 50 $3,389,571
 SHONAN KAMPF (JPN) 4 8% 10 20% 50 $54,497 29 8% 86 25% 50 $838,310
 SINISTER MINISTER (USA) 6 12% 16 32% 50 $186,930 69 20% 129 37% 50 $2,934,502
 SMART FALCON (JPN) 3 6% 15 30% 50 $248,905 55 16% 126 36% 50 $2,205,626
 SOUTH VIGOROUS (USA) 6 12% 17 34% 50 $307,115 45 13% 117 33% 50 $2,223,675
 STRONG MANDATE (USA) 6 12% 20 40% 50 $335,568 35 13% 115 43% 50 $1,647,379
 STRONG RETURN (JPN) 5 10% 19 38% 50 $212,604 32 9% 105 30% 50 $1,447,827
 SWIFT CURRENT (JPN) 7 14% 18 36% 50 $128,867 33 9% 100 29% 50 $757,007
 SYMBOLI KRIS S (USA) 8 16% 15 30% 50 $123,511 34 10% 123 35% 50 $1,419,002
 TAIKI SHUTTLE (USA) 9 18% 19 38% 50 $244,461 40 11% 100 29% 50 $1,608,856
 TAISEI LEGEND (JPN) 3 10% 12 40% 30 $90,731 3 10% 12 40% 30 $90,731
 TANINO GIMLET (JPN) 2 4% 9 18% 50 $130,046 25 7% 75 21% 50 $1,150,608
 TAPIT (USA) 13 26% 22 44% 50 $5,278 61 17% 151 43% 50 $6,250,731
 TO THE GLORY (JPN) 2 4% 15 30% 50 $137,995 38 11% 118 34% 50 $1,616,718
 TO THE WORLD (JPN) 8 16% 21 42% 50 $224,122 17 16% 44 42% 50 $586,984
 TOBY'S CORNER (USA) 7 14% 23 46% 50 $371,616 46 13% 127 36% 50 $1,889,780
 TOSEN HOMAREBOSHI (JPN) 3 6% 14 28% 50 $251,479 22 6% 88 25% 50 $2,052,998
 TOSEN JORDAN (JPN) 1 2% 9 18% 50 $83,343 25 7% 77 22% 50 $763,638
 TWO STEP SALSA (USA) 7 14% 20 40% 50 $217,380 38 11% 134 38% 50 $1,843,163
 UNRIVALED (JPN) 3 6% 17 34% 50 $122,205 24 7% 98 28% 50 $1,142,232
 VERMILION (JPN) 1 2% 15 30% 50 $134,640 14 4% 77 22% 50 $843,704
 VINCENNES (JPN) 4 9% 11 24% 45 $378,128 4 9% 11 24% 45 $378,128
 VITTORIO D'ORO (USA) 5 10% 15 30% 50 $200,674 15 14% 45 41% 50 $552,965
 WORKFORCE (GB) 5 10% 11 22% 50 $296,862 19 5% 79 23% 50 $1,065,792
Race
Horse
Price Money
  Race 1   SHIKKOKU  $225,000
    GRAND GIFT  $75,000
    MORIDEN HARLEY  $60,000
    DAIMEI SUISEN  $58,333
    BENINO ANGEL  $37,500
  Race 2   MAGICAL FACE  $300,000
    SWEET TIARA  $300,000
    WASSAN HEART  $125,000
    PERFECTION  $75,000
    TOMONO WINNING  $64,444
  Race 3   ORCHIDEA  $172,500
    PURE IMPERIAL  $127,500
    SUDDEN GALE  $45,625
    O K B KNIGHT  $35,000
    HAPPY AND MOCHA  $35,000
  Race 4   RISE  $200,000
    GET WILD  $187,500
    NORIOSAN  $186,429
    KOHARUCHAN  $72,857
    TAIZENJIJAKU  $49,700
  Race 5   NEFER LILY  $250,000
    AZUL PLAYA  $125,000
    PEEKABOO  $99,091
    EXTERMINATE  $66,300
    YURIA  $60,917
  Race 6   LOVE WARRIOR  $0
    IMPAKURO  $0
    ONE OF THEORIES  $0
    VIVID OLIVE  $0
    ELAN VITAL  $0
  Race 7   SONG WITH ROSE  $200,000
    KATTSU BOY  $146,667
    EARNESTRONG  $145,000
    ANGAI GAMBARUDO  $131,250
    MIKACHAN  $125,714
  Race 8   IGUAZU FALLS  $84,818
    REWARD BRETON  $23,333
    AVENTURISTO  $19,000
    ALL FOR ONE  $9,000
    HAGUKUMI  $7,500
  Race 9   HILDR  $71,429
    MEGAPTERA  $58,688
    NITTO DAHLIA  $53,333
    YAMANIN RABONA  $45,000
    SUPERWIND  $43,867
  Race 10   AZAWAKH  $1,166,667
    A SHIN PALADIN  $820,000
    PRESTO LEGGERO  $450,000
    RED CHARION  $405,000
    RINNO CARNIVAL  $352,000
  Race 11   PALACE LOVELY  $1,216,667
    KILLING TIME  $178,333
    SAKURA HERCULES  $124,778
    NARIYUKI MAKASE  $94,000
    ANOMALY  $73,550
  Race 12   MEISHO IRON  $1,468,750
    UP TO YOU  $638,889
    SOL SALIENTE  $475,714
    S C CURRENT  $276,818
    TODOIWA GARDEN  $215,000
Jockey
LSeq
W
W%
P
P%
S
JPY ¥
W
W%
P
P%
S
JPY ¥
FUMA ONO  16 6 12% 21 42% 50 78K 32 10% 106 32% 335  294.9K
FUYUKI IGARASHI  19 6 12% 20 40% 50 72.7K 46 13% 132 38% 350  962.1K
G BANNO  10 4 8% 19 38% 50 59.1K 35 10% 121 35% 350  393.3K
GENTA OCHIAI  10 5 10% 15 30% 50 56.8K 35 10% 107 31% 350  480K
HIDEKI SAKASHITA  18 1 2% 5 10% 50 10.3K 12 3% 45 13% 350  176K
KANTA INOUE  1 4 8% 13 26% 50 37.5K 21 6% 78 22% 350  282.4K
MANATO KUROSAWA  3 2 4% 9 18% 50 24.8K 19 5% 71 20% 350  193.4K
MASAAKI KUWAMURA  1 9 18% 19 38% 50 81.7K 55 16% 145 41% 350  715.5K
MITSUYUKI MIYAZAKI  5 10 20% 21 42% 50 102.3K 48 14% 146 42% 350  680.2K
RYU ABE  2 7 14% 15 30% 50 103K 45 13% 120 34% 350  793K
SAKITO YAMAMOTO  1 3 6% 18 36% 50 35.4K 34 10% 106 30% 350  453.2K
SHIGEHARU MABUCHI  90 0 0% 2 4% 50 3.5K 5 1% 32 9% 350  46.8K
SHINYA MATSUI  20 1 2% 13 26% 50 23.8K 23 7% 90 26% 350  273.7K
TAKAFUMI HATTORI  4 4 8% 14 28% 50 75.3K 55 16% 155 44% 350  842.9K
TAKASHI MIYAHIRA  55 0 0% 1 2% 50 2.7K 10 3% 44 13% 350  86K
TOSHIHIKO INOUE  2 5 10% 10 20% 50 52.9K 37 11% 93 27% 350  875.3K
YAMATO ISHIKAWA  4 6 12% 21 42% 50 130.4K 62 18% 153 44% 350  873.2K
YASUYUKI KOBAYASHI  28 2 4% 6 12% 50 11.2K 11 3% 58 17% 350  92.5K
YOJI KAMEI  30 1 2% 9 18% 50 22.8K 24 7% 66 19% 350  217.7K
YUJI IWAHASHI  0 4 8% 7 14% 50 39.1K 35 10% 102 29% 350  458.8K
Race
Jockey
Horse
Race 8  TAKASHI MIYAHIRA  DANCE SABER
Race
Horse
Org Jockey
Current Jockey
Race
Tab
Horse
Gear Changes
Race
Tab
Horse
Last Start Stewards Reports
Race
  Race 1

$ Imaichi Girl ,

$ Cho Nice ,

$ Genesis Queen ,

$ Moriden Harley ,

$ Benino Angel ,

$ Lantana Girl ,

$ Rot Weiss ,

$ Daimei Suisen ,

$ Kishu Kiseki ,

$ Shikkoku ,

$ Grand Gift ,

  Race 2

$ A Shin Asahidake ,

$ Lone Star ,

$ Valed Ace ,

$ Wassan Heart ,

$ Train Bleu ,

$ Tomono Winning ,

$ Harta ,

$ Magical Face ,

$ Perfection ,

$ Center Road ,

$ Fer Marteau ,

$ Sweet Tiara ,

  Race 3

$ Golden Eagle ,

$ Sudden Gale ,

$ Pure Imperial ,

$ Yamasho Return ,

$ Ke Iki Beach ,

$ Grande Dame ,

$ Glorious Luck ,

$ Orchidea ,

$ O K B Knight ,

$ Heartful Roman ,

$ Happy And Mocha ,

$ Nature Amore ,

  Race 4

$ Get Wild ,

$ Rise ,

$ Koharuchan ,

$ Taizenjijaku ,

$ Chocolat Fraises ,

$ Erster ,

$ Noriosan ,

  Race 5

$ Elara Minx ,

$ Hatano D'amour ,

$ Jun Espoir ,

$ Azul Playa ,

$ Rush Rush ,

$ Yuria ,

$ Nitto Haruki ,

$ Exterminate ,

$ Nefer Lily ,

$ Peekaboo ,

$ Rev Limit ,

$ Opera Sunday ,

  Race 6

$ Vivid Olive ,

$ Elan Vital ,

$ Little Fairy ,

$ Amor Queen ,

$ Love Warrior ,

$ Impakuro ,

$ One Of Theories ,

  Race 7

$ Earnestrong ,

$ Mikachan ,

$ Hanabanda ,

$ Angai Gambarudo ,

$ Super Pedies ,

$ Kic Estrella ,

$ Kattsu Boy ,

$ Song With Rose ,

  Race 8

$ Dance Saber ,

$ All For One ,

$ Harmony Beat ,

$ Maple Wood ,

$ Earth Queen Bee ,

$ Last Scene ,

$ Reward Breton ,

$ Iguazu Falls ,

$ Aventuristo ,

$ Earth Wol ,

$ Hagukumi ,

$ Earth Prelude ,

  Race 9

$ Black Funny ,

$ Bridal Dancer ,

$ Superwind ,

$ Peche Jade ,

$ Misato Vodka ,

$ Shanghai Bell ,

$ Nitto Dahlia ,

$ Helene Wonder ,

$ Squad Goals ,

$ Megaptera ,

$ Hildr ,

$ Yamanin Rabona ,

  Race 10

$ Presto Leggero ,

$ Red Charion ,

$ Rinno Carnival ,

$ Field Noah ,

$ Azawakh ,

$ A Shin Paladin ,

  Race 11

$ Nariyuki Makase ,

$ Palace Lovely ,

$ B B Burlesque ,

$ Sakura Hercules ,

$ Trulli ,

$ Moriden Caesar ,

$ Gold Trump ,

$ Anomaly ,

$ Killing Time ,

  Race 12

$ Kita Alps ,

$ S C Current ,

$ Waffe Starke ,

$ Up To You ,

$ Todoiwa Garden ,

$ Meisho Iron ,

$ Blason De Lis ,

$ Symboli Tapit ,

$ Sol Saliente ,

$ Torche Rose ,