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The Derby

United Kingdom | FEATURE RACE GUIDE

History

ADAYAR winning the Derby.
ADAYAR winning the Derby. Picture: Pat Healy Photography

The Derby is a Group 1 race run under Set Weights conditions for three year old colts and fillies at Epsom conducted by the Jockey Club.
The Derby is run over one mile, four furlongs and 6 yards. It was first run in 1780 and was won by Diomed.
It is the fourth of the Classic races run each season. However it is the most famous race run in England.
Run over the same course the day after the Oaks, the Derby is actually a year younger than the Oaks.
At a gathering held by the Earl of Derby after the Oaks was first run in 1779, it is said that it was decided that a race for the colts be organised for the next year. Rumour has it a toss of the coin to determine the name was held between Derby and Sir Charles Bunbury of the Jockey Club.
However the decision was finalised, it became known as the Derby. Ironically Bunbury owned the first winner Diomed.
Early renewals were over the mile but it became the mile and a half in 1784.
During the war years, the Derby was run at Newmarket. They called these races the New Derby.
In 1838, Amato won despite never having raced before.
One infamous winner was Shergar who scored by the record ten lengths. The history around his stealing from his stud home has used up many mountains of ink.
A famous recent winner was Sea The Stars who won after the 2000 Guineas victory. He'd then win the Eclipse,
Juddmonte International, Irish Champion and Prix de L'Arc De Triomphe before retirement.
The dam Urban Sea has produced two Derby winners in Galileo and Sea The Stars. She is one of 12 mares to do so down the years.
Most wins as trainer was seven held by Robert Robson, John Porter and Fred Darling but Aidan O'Brien hit the front in 2020 after taking his eighth victory.
Aidan O'Brien became the first person to train three consecutive winners of the race in 2014.
The incredible Lester Piggott is the leading jockey with nine victories. He first won on Never Say Die in 1954 and was still winning on Teenoso in 1983.
Charlie Appleby gave Godolphin their first Derby winner in 2018 when Masar scored. It was a year of firsts for them both as they'd also win the Melbourne Cup for the first time in November. He won it again with Adayar in 2021.
2020 saw an incredible race when they basically stayed in order from the jump. 25-1 shot Serpentine set up a huge lead and was able to beat home 50-1 and 66-1 outsiders. He had only broken his maiden the week before.
Galileo became the first sire in history to produce five Epsom Derby winners and he also had the Oaks winner Love on the same day. Frankel added to his own legacy in 2021 with Adayar.
Fillies don't win often. Only six fillies have taken the Derby - Eleanor (1801), Blink Bonny (1857), Shotover (1882), Signorinetta (1908), Tagalie (1912) and Fifinella (1916).
The Derby (and the Oaks) were run a month later than normal in 2020 due to the coronavirus.
The Derby was worth £1,125,000 in 2021.
Notable winners of the Derby include Golden Horn (2015), Australia (2014), Workforce (2010), Sea The Stars (2009), Authorized (2007), High Chaparral (2002), Galileo (2001), Sinndar (2000), Lammtarra (1995), Generous (1991), Nashwan (1989), Shergar (1981), Troy (1979), Shirley Heights (1978), Roberto (1972), Mill Reef (1971), Nijinsky (1970), Sir Ivor (1968), Sea Bird (1965), Dante (1945), Hyperion (1933), West Australian (1853) and Voltigeur (1850).
The 2021 Derby was won by Adayar from Mojo Star and Hurricane Lane.


Racing and Sports

Previous The Derby Winners

DateHorseJockeyWTTrainerBP
ADAYAR (IRE) 3C
FRANKEL (GB) - ANNA SALAI (USA) DUBAWI (IRE)
ADAM KIRBY57.0C APPLEBY1
SERPENTINE (IRE) 3C
GALILEO (IRE) - REMEMBER WHEN (IRE) DANEHILL DANCER (IRE)
E J MCNAMARA57.0A P O'BRIEN12
ANTHONY VAN DYCK (IRE) 3C
GALILEO (IRE) - BELIEVE'N'SUCCEED (AUS) EXCEED AND EXCEL (AUS)
J A HEFFERNAN57.0A P O'BRIEN7
MASAR (IRE) 3C
NEW APPROACH (IRE) - KHAWLAH (IRE) CAPE CROSS (IRE)
WILLIAM BUICK57.0C APPLEBY10
WINGS OF EAGLES (FR) 3C
POUR MOI (IRE) - YSOLDINA (FR) KENDOR (FR)
P BEGGY57.0A P O'BRIEN14
HARZAND (IRE) 3C
SEA THE STARS (IRE) - HAZARIYA (IRE) XAAR (GB)
P SMULLEN57.0D K WELD9
GOLDEN HORN (GB) 3C
CAPE CROSS (IRE) - FLECHE D'OR (GB) DUBAI DESTINATION (USA)
L DETTORI57.0JOHN GOSDEN8
AUSTRALIA (GB) 3C
GALILEO (IRE) - OUIJA BOARD (GB) CAPE CROSS (IRE)
J P O'BRIEN57.0A P O'BRIEN12
RULER OF THE WORLD (IRE) 3C
GALILEO (IRE) - LOVE ME TRUE (USA) KINGMAMBO (USA)
RYAN MOORE57.0A P O'BRIEN10
CAMELOT (GB) 3C
MONTJEU (IRE) - TARFAH (USA) KINGMAMBO (USA)
J P O'BRIEN57.0A P O'BRIEN5
POUR MOI (IRE) 3C
MONTJEU (IRE) - GWYNN (IRE) DARSHAAN (GB)
M BARZALONA57.0A FABRE7
WORKFORCE (GB) 3C
KING'S BEST (USA) - SOVIET MOON (IRE) SADLER'S WELLS (USA)
RYAN MOORE57.0SIR MICHAEL STOUTE8
SEA THE STARS (IRE) 3C
CAPE CROSS (IRE) - URBAN SEA (USA) MISWAKI (USA)
M KINANE57.0JOHN M OXX4
NEW APPROACH (IRE) 3C
GALILEO (IRE) - PARK EXPRESS (GB) AHONOORA (GB)
K J MANNING57.0J S BOLGER3
AUTHORIZED (IRE) 3F
MONTJEU (IRE) - FUNSIE (FR) SAUMAREZ (GB)
L DETTORI57.0P W CHAPPLE-HYAM14
SIR PERCY (GB) 3C
MARK OF ESTEEM (IRE) - PERCY'S LASS (GB) BLAKENEY (GB)
MARTIN DWYER57.0M P TREGONING10
MOTIVATOR (GB) 3C
MONTJEU (IRE) - OUT WEST (USA) GONE WEST (USA)
J MURTAGH57.0M L W BELL5
NORTH LIGHT (IRE) 3C
DANEHILL (USA) - SOUGHT OUT (IRE) RAINBOW QUEST (USA)
K FALLON57.0SIR MICHAEL STOUTE6
KRIS KIN (USA) 3C
KRIS S (USA) - ANGEL IN MY HEART (FR) RAINBOW QUEST (USA)
K FALLON57.0SIR MICHAEL STOUTE4
HIGH CHAPARRAL (IRE) 3C
SADLER'S WELLS (USA) - KASORA (IRE) DARSHAAN (GB)
J MURTAGH57.0A P O'BRIEN9
GALILEO (IRE) 3C
SADLER'S WELLS (USA) - URBAN SEA (USA) MISWAKI (USA)
M KINANE57.0A P O'BRIEN10
SINNDAR (IRE) 3C
GRAND LODGE (USA) - SINNTARA (IRE) LASHKARI (GB)
J MURTAGH57.0JOHN M OXX15

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